Yorkshire and the Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber is formed by the following counties:
Northern Lincolnshire and
The moors and dales that make up most of North Yorkshire spread from the Pennines to
the sea – a landscape as varied as anywhere in England and dotted with some of the country’s loveliest and most
historic towns and cities.
Medieval monks build their abbeys – Bolton Abbey, Fountains Abbey, Jervaulx Abbey and Rievaulx Abbey – in the broad dales and the Vale of
York, watered by crystal clear rivers spilling down from the Pennines. Tough ruined now, the abbeys are still
lovely sights, standing in their peaceful settings below hills, where sheep graze amid an embroidery of dry stone
North of the historic city of York lie the Howardian Hills, setting for the lordly
Castle Howard. Beyond the land rises to
a heather clad plateau and the dramatic escarpment of Sutton
Bank. Eastwards moorland extends to the coast, where a fringe of high
cliffs is broken by towns as contrasted as Whitby
and Scarborough. The West Yorkshire area has been
associated with wool since medieval times and the developing techniques of its industry are graphically
recreated in living museums at Bradford, Calderdale and Leeds. The little worsted town of Haworth
has another claim to fame as the home of the Bronte family of
authors. Wealthy textile moguls built Cliffe Castle
and Red House and the life of their works is recreated at Kirkstall Abbey. Harewood House is a monument to another source of
wealth: the sugar trade.
The same dynamic spirit that built up the textile industry inspired
the establishment in Bradford of the National Media
Museum. By contrast, the scenery and wildlife of the countryside are
protected at Fairburn Ings, Bracken Hall and Oakwell Hall. Sheffield’s busy modern heart still find time and space to recall the history of the steelmaking,
which earned the city a worldwide reputation and to display with pride some of the finest wares produced in
its factories over the years. Outside the city too, monuments of the Industrial Revolution are painstakingly restored for the enjoyment of today’s visitors.
Industrial prosperity gave the area several dignified Georgian buildings; a Norman castle still overlooks the
Don and wildlife in plenty can be seen in walks through Howell
Wood or by the shores of Worsbrough Canal Reservoir.
The graceful relatively new Humber Bridge linking the two halves of Humberside,
crosses an estuary which has dominated the area from earliest times. On its bank rose the great port of
Kingston upon Hull, whose story is told
today in the Hull Town Docks Museum.
Much of the old city is being preserved as it was when William Wilberforce (the great campaigner against slavery) walked its streets as a boy in the 1760s and his
now a museum.
A meeting place of sea and land routes, Hull appropriately has its
own Transport Museum and the
county boasts three more: the Lincolnshire and Humberside Railway Museum, the Museum of Army Transport and the
Sandtoft Transport Centre.
Estuary and coast attract a wealth of wildlife, as seen at
Blacktoft Sands and
Spurn Head. Inland, gentle
country has nurtured religious establishments such as Thornton
Abbey and Beverley
Minster and wealthy estates such as those in Burnby, Burton Agnes, Burton Constable and Sewerby. Around the estuary lies excellent
farming country. Aspects of village and farm life 100 years ago are recreated at Hornsea Museum and Skidby Windmill Museum.
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