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England Travel Tips 
Discover the Real England   



  By Mike Valeriani
Regions: N West N East Yorkshire W Midlands E Midlands East S West S East

Yorkshire and the Humber


Map of Yorkshire and the Humber.Yorkshire and the Humber is formed by the following counties: Yorkshire, Northern Lincolnshire and Humberside.

The moors and dales that make up most of North Yorkshire spread from the Pennines to the sea – a landscape as varied as anywhere in England and dotted with some of the country’s loveliest and most historic towns and cities.

Medieval monks build their abbeys – Bolton Abbey, Fountains Abbey, Jervaulx Abbey and Rievaulx Abbey – in the broad dales and the Vale of York, watered by crystal clear rivers spilling down from the Pennines. Tough ruined now, the abbeys are still lovely sights, standing in their peaceful settings below hills, where sheep graze amid an embroidery of dry stone walls.

North of the historic city of York lie the Howardian Hills, setting for the lordly Castle Howard. Beyond the land rises to a heather clad plateau and the dramatic escarpment of Sutton Bank. Eastwards moorland extends to the coast, where a fringe of high cliffs is broken by towns as contrasted as Whitby and Scarborough. The West Yorkshire area has been associated with wool since medieval times and the developing techniques of its industry are graphically recreated in living museums at Bradford, Calderdale and Leeds. The little worsted town of Haworth has another claim to fame as the home of the Bronte family of authors. Wealthy textile moguls built Cliffe Castle and Red House and the life of their works is recreated at Kirkstall Abbey. Harewood House is a monument to another source of wealth: the sugar trade.

Kingston upon Hull in Yorkshire.The same dynamic spirit that built up the textile industry inspired the establishment in Bradford of the National Media Museum. By contrast, the scenery and wildlife of the countryside are protected at Fairburn Ings, Bracken Hall and Oakwell Hall. Sheffield’s busy modern heart still find time and space to recall the history of the steelmaking, which earned the city a worldwide reputation and to display with pride some of the finest wares produced in its factories over the years. Outside the city too, monuments of the Industrial Revolution Bessemer converterl in Yorkshire.are painstakingly restored for the enjoyment of today’s visitors. Industrial prosperity gave the area several dignified Georgian buildings; a Norman castle still overlooks the Don and wildlife in plenty can be seen in walks through Howell Wood or by the shores of Worsbrough Canal Reservoir.

The graceful relatively new Humber Bridge linking the two halves of Humberside, crosses an estuary which has dominated the area from earliest times. On its bank rose the great port of Kingston upon Hull, whose story is told today in the Hull Town Docks Museum.

Skidby windmill in YorkshireMuch of the old city is being preserved as it was when William Wilberforce (the great campaigner against slavery) walked its streets as a boy in the 1760s and his birthplace is now a museum.

A meeting place of sea and land routes, Hull appropriately has its own Transport Museum and the county boasts three more: the Lincolnshire and Humberside Railway Museum, the Museum of Army Transport and the Sandtoft Transport Centre.

Estuary and coast attract a wealth of wildlife, as seen at Bempton Cliffs, Blacktoft Sands and Spurn Head. Inland, gentle country has nurtured religious establishments such as Thornton Abbey and Beverley Minster and wealthy estates such as those in Burnby, Burton Agnes, Burton Constable and Sewerby. Around the estuary lies excellent farming country. Aspects of village and farm life 100 years ago are recreated at Hornsea Museum and Skidby Windmill Museum.





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