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England Travel Tips 
Discover the Real England   



  By Mike Valeriani
Regions: N West N East Yorkshire W Midlands E Midlands East S West S East

North East


Map of North East England.The North East is formed by the following counties: Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, and Teesside.

Present day Northumbrians have created the most spacious artificial lake, lying at the heart of the vast plantation of Kielder Forest; but for most of the county’s history men have clung mainly to its edges, shunning the wild interior.

On Holy Island, monks produced the exquisitely decorated Lindisfarne Gospels and today, on the Farne Islands to the south, gray seals can be seen basking in the surf.

But for all its rugged beauty, this “debatable land” between English and Scots, has been the most fought over frontier in Britain. Much of Hadrian’s Wall, built by Roman legionaries, lies within Northumberland. South from Berwick’s Elizabethan ramparts, the mighty stone walls of Alnwick and Bamburgh and the gaunt ruins of Dunstanburgh, Norham and Warkworth still keep watch over coast and river valleys.

Warkworth village in the North EastTwo arches catch the spirit of Tyne and Wear: the great steel arch of the Tyne bridge, soaring over the river at Newcastle, is a symbol of the city’s engineering skills, while on the coast (until 1996 when it collapsed) the limestone arch of Marsden Rock was a piece of natural sculpture on the grand scale.

In Newcastle, the Museum of Science and Engineering celebrates some of the county’s most inventive sons and the days when Tyneside built the liner Mauritania and the battleship Nelson. The fort of Arbeia at South Shields recalls the importance of the River Tyne in Roman times, when Hadrian’s Wall started near Newcastle. Hartlepool in the North EastIn the 7th century the Venerable Bede made St Paul’s Monastery at Jarrow one of the most famous centres of learning in Europe. A Jarrow writer of modern times, Catherine Cookson, has evoked Tyneside life in more than 60 bestselling novels and her work is celebrated in the South Shields Museum.

The Prince Bishops of Durham once ruled then north east virtually supreme from their cathedral in Durham and their castles in Durham and Auckland. In the 12th century King Stephen granted them the mineral rights of Weardale, starting a long history of mining in the area, which is told today at the Weardale Museum. Boulby Cliff in the North EastA major aspect of Durham’s later industrial greatness is preserved at the Darlington Railway Centre, while both industrial and farming life in the county in bygone days are vividly recreated at Beamish. The arts are not neglected in Durham.

The Bowes Museum is a treasure house of works of art from all over Western Europe and the city of Durham, among its many treasures, has Britain’s only exclusively Oriental Museum. The North Sea is never far away in Cleveland, whose spectacular coast culminates in the towering Boulby Cliff. Here a young haberdasher’s apprentice named James Cook walked and dreamt of running away to sea; the feats of explorations that made him famous are recalled today at his birthplace. Hartlepool remembers its heyday in the 1880s as England’s third busiest port, while set amidst pastoral country inland are architectural gems such as Guisborough Priory and Ormesby Hall.





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