London Underground Control Panel
The London Underground is by far the best way to travel around the
capital city of England. It is the world's oldest underground system and the most expensive to
In 1854 an Act of Parliament was passed approving the construction of an
underground railway between Paddington Station and Farmington
Street via King's Cross, which was to be named the Metropolitan
The idea of creating an underground railway to connect the City with the
mainline terminals had first been proposed in 1830, but it was not until 20 years later that the
idea was taken into consideration as a solution to traffic congestion, which was then caused by
hundreds of horse driven carriages.
The first section was opened in 1856 and since then building has never
in constant evolution and expansion. It now comprises 13 lines, 470 Km of rail and 380 stations.
Some more numbers for you: there are a total of 412 escalators, 23 of which at Waterloo
Station alone. The longest escalator spans 197 feet at Angel Station. The
network trains carry 1.073 million passengers per year, or about 3 million per day. The deepest
tunnel lies 221 feet below ground level.
There are 122 lifts in place and the deepest one is at Hampsted
Station, which goes down 181 feet. 13.400 people work
Moorgate Station holds the record for the number of
platforms, having 11 of them.
The busiest station is Waterloo, with 51.100 passengers entering the station
in the morning rush hour period of three hours from 06:00 to
Visit Transport for London (TfL) website to have more information on moving
around. The best ticket a tourist can buy is an Oyster Card.
London Underground fares are very expensive, but with an Oyster Card
you will only pay up to the price of a Day Travelcard, regardless of how many times you
travel in a day.
It also works on all buses and some over ground trains. To obtain an Oyster
Card you must apply at any tube station.
It costs a variable deposit, plus any money that you put on
it. You can get the deposit back once you will return the card
upon your departure.
Many people keep it as a
souvenir, but it is an expensive souvenir and it might be expired the next time you will
return to London. So get your money back... you can
always get another one. Oh, I forgot to mention that they give it to you immediately when you
apply, there is no waiting.
Drag the Map to Move it
London Underground Real Map:
This is a London Tube map of 1908
[You are in London Underground. Go back to England Travel Tips]